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Showing content with the highest reputation since 05/08/2019 in all areas

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    I was inspired to sketch this up after watching AronRa interview Robert Schneiker on his analysis of the Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe. One viewer asked the question on whether there were fossils in the Sphinx. This is my rendition of a nummulite which i believe is the kind of fossil they were talking about. I used a photo on wikipedia as reference "Nummulite, Life and Rocks 1894. R A Lydekker"
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    I appreciate your forwardness mblance. I think your experience with those programming languages will be better suited with the IT team rather than the Data Entry team. The DE team will be focused on inputting data into the explorer, which includes species names, attributions, descriptions, images, etc. that will be present in every clade in the Explorer. Not much will be done about programming on our end except if it poses a significant problem with our duties. As Steve mentioned, Emmanuel and Orwell (the IT leads) may be able to use your programming skills more, but if you're willing to help out in the manual inputting of clade information as I described above, you can certainly lend a hand. Once we get a task list of specific goals to accomplish, I'll reach out and offer you the option to help us out.
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    Ramble on evolutionary change – why some things seem to (a lot), and others don’t (much/atall). I like the expression, ‘if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it’ (but try telling a motor enthusiast that!). I have about 300 ring binders where I file things away, along with tens of thousands of clear pockets which I insert into them. When I bought the ring binders, I bought them in bulk. About 100 at the time. I wanted 4 ring clips instead of two, for extra security. I think 3 is popular in the US. A ring binder design is a bit like a mouse trap, pretty much as simple as it comes, so I was safe for future growth if I needed to add more. A couple of years passed by and I was full, so I ordered some more. And they no longer did that make in the same style. There were 4 major changes. To me - and I suppose anyone else who likes symmetry, when looking at several book cases full of all the same, white ring binders, having the same was important. The rings were now attached on the back of the binder instead of the spine (and they were, ‘D’ shaped, not, ‘O’ shaped). That meant that the rivets (viewed on the outside) were now not visible on the spine when placed on the shelf (next to the other ones that were visible). The clear display spine pocket which you place your written title file name in, on a piece of card, was now thinner and longer and lower down, losing symmetry with the others. There was now, no longer a clear display pocket on the front, to display an A4 sheet. And there was another alteration/update/change – maybe the size or white colour shade? Anyway, for someone with Autism who is a perfectionist and loves order and routine, this was really bad for me. And the point? Well just that evolutionary change comes in many shapes and sizes, and not all are visual. You’d be surprised at how complex some things can look, yet are relatively simple and not as, ‘advanced’ as other more simple things. There is an ant with a single chromosome, a deer with six. Some plants and protozoans have over 1000, lampreys have 174, hedgehogs have 88-90, whilst we usually have 46. Some species can interbreed with others with a dozen differences in the Chromosome count. So, evolutionary change or advancement is not always so clear. One wonders how finely honed things like sharks, crocs or brachiopods actually are. I don’t think they actually did nothing for so long. Those micro changes might be focussing on strengthening their resilience or adaptation to change or speeding up reactions, hardening body shell, adapting to a new diet or whatever, and very few might be morphologically noticeable, and it is especially difficult to know how much something has changed if the ancestors are long extinct and have left no genetic trace. The ring binder hypothesis of simplicity (like a mouse trap) is not as clear or simple or unchangeable as it might at first appear. There’s O ring vs D ring, back or spine mount, location/size of spine label, 2, 3 or 4 rings? A hole in the spine or not, material, colour, size, thickness? And there’s so many NEW types of ring binder available nowadays that we either didn’t think of, didn’t need or didn’t have the technology or material for then. So when we see, what we might assume is a very simple or perfectly adapted organism, for the organism itself, there is always room for improvement, no matter how small or meaningless it may seem to outsiders. And those simple things may open doors for additional things. Our own imagination, even with the benefit of speeding things up, using computer re-enactment, can’t predict or show all the combinations of possible solutions evolution can actually produce. Not sure if change is good or not. It may be good that something can adapt, and quickly. But it might be better if it was resilient enough not to have to, when things change, because of all the things happening when times were slow. Sort of like saving money when times are good, for when times are bad. One wonders how resilient WE actually are? Given our destructive nature, we’re probably not long for this world.
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    Well, there's only one post here, and it's from almost three years ago, but the category says Ideas and Suggestions, and since this is both an idea and a suggestion, I'll post it here, atleast to begin with. Here's the idea I had for the Phylogeny Explorer. I'm sure you're familiar with the small, animated GIF that shows the evolution of life from a single cell through early animals, chordates, tetrapods, etc., up through primates, monkeys, and apes, ending with humans. In case you're not sure what I'm referring to, it's a condensed animation from Carl Sagan's Cosmos documentary, and I've included below a frame from the animation, the stage where it's something akin to a dimetrodon. Well, my proposal is that, for every clade in the Phylogeny Explorer, and I know that's a huge number, at every branch point, the project include a small, simple diagram that represents that clade, either a black-and-white line drawing like the one shown here, or a solid, two-tone image. Now here's the fun part: My idea is for a simple application, Flash or Java or whatever, doesn't matter a whole lot, where you choose two (or more, even) endpoints from wherever on the tree they you like (I suspect the majority of people would probably be most interested in modern species at the rightmost end of the tree), and the program locates their most recent common ancestor, displays that ancestor in two (or more) adjacent boxes, and then animates the transition from that ancestor to the user-chosen descendants. It could even use multiple frames, with the visual transitions occurring in the top one while, on the bottom, the tree scrolls right-to-left in synch with the transitions as dots pop up and mark each branch point as it is reached in the animation. Hopefully I'm providing a sufficiently well articulated description of what I'm talking about that you haven't any trouble envisioning it. Coding the application to do the morphing would in all likelihood be the easy part. The hard part would be to assemble the massive number of pictures that would be needed; indeed, it's not merely the sheer number of images required that makes this a daunting endeavour, it's making sure that every one of those images matches its neighbours in terms of size, body layout, etc. That being said, if it allows the layman to understand just how evolution works (i.e.: shuts the Creationists' ringleaders up) by dispelling the notion of modern species being derived from other modern species, and instead shows how multiple modern species evolved from a common ancestor that we can actually point to on a phylogenetic tree, it would, in my opinion, be more than worth the effort. --Alexis Brooke
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    This specimen was found in San Pedro-Villa alegría, Tehuacan, Puebla, México. On the 24th of October 2021, today (27/10/21) is in a lethargic state and probably becoming a pupae. I have been unable to identify it´s species, even in Biology forums, a genus has been provided but I am doubtful.
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    Dear Anton. Great questions. I have been writing quite a long answer which may also be worth a wider readership given such interesting and relevant points, so pleaser bear with me, though anyone else is welcome to join in the response. Steve
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    “New study, re-writes evolution.” How (or) would YOU present a highly technical, specialist article to the general populous? Your editor (who pays you) has deadlines and targets for time, costs, readership and competing rivals’ articles. This blog is in response to (yet) another article which supposedly re-writes the theory of (in this case, shark) evolution. It tries to highlight the problem of and reasons for such article headings, looks at and compares the results of changing them from the origi8nal and asks what, if anything, can or should be done given the circumstances. I owned a shop once and one customer said that it would be nice if we had wheel chair access toilets. We had wheelchair access and wheelchair access toilets were available very close by in a larger shop. The cost of putting them in was prohibitive too, meaning no such shop to use in the first place, thus defeating the object. By trying to offer more, I (and all) would have lost all. Many of the good quality newspapers are struggling right now with such low readership. On the other hand, the British red tops (which are far more popular and reflect the greater national readership population) do pretty well. I’m sure there is a direct correlation between the quality of journalism and the survivability of the press in the UK. Too few want pure quality. Some may recall the Sunday Sport newspaper post I posted some time ago, demonstrating the level it goes to for readership. And true, those wanting it are the driving force of the editor. Spin, exaggeration, scraping the barrel, lies are things that sell. Few want straight facts. And I believe that goes for many of us, here too. In fact I have posted original research here and had little response, but when posting articles (even) from the same said report, as edited in a more popular or simplified magazine or newspaper with graphics and a fancy tag line, it gets views… It also gets read! And it also gets criticised for exaggeration or a misguided title. But it gets read as opposed to not read. If you want a technical article published in a general, miscellaneous, non-academic daily/weekly/monthly, you have to make very significant changes to attract any interest. Yes, even Time magazine, National Geographic and Nature have succumbed to targeting with overly dramatic images or titles which can play into the hands of science deniers. Look at it from the publisher’s perspective – they have to sell, compete, pay staff and survive. Where does one draw the line? It is a difficult one, when one considers all aspects or places oneself in the position of an editor. How many of us subscribe to the journals which publish original work? Would you digest it, understand the words? If competing with an edition of Punch or Private eye, which do you go for? Are you privileged or rich enough to access these journals? Does or did anyone get psychological tiredness, perhaps at university? When you want to do something you enjoy and it not taxing, you are full of energy and up for it. When it comes to study, you suddenly feel really tired. I did and still do. Youtube is a great help and bridge/gap builder! There is similar discussion in Christian and Muslim circles about Holy books. Some traditionalists argue that only the original language should be used, as it is the word of God and should not be changed. But only those few who know those languages can access it, but it is argued that all should learn it). Or should it be translated into many languages and perhaps simplified or adjusted to, ‘meaning related’ context so that more can understand and access it, at the price of some meaning, clarity or eloquence (this is an aspect of hermeneutics). Here's an article (just made up) showing 4 different views and asking which one or style would YOU read or be attracted to, if any, perhaps if the subject matter interested you (which is another trick that journalists try to widen to get readership)?
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    Well put! Just as a side note, these distinctions in all the sciences (not just bio) often seem pretty arbitrary especially in small samples or close up. For instance the difference between glass and quartz, they both have a molecular structure of one silicon and two oxygen (SiO2). In glass the molecules are all over the place and in quartz they are in nice ordered rows and if your sample is absurdly small (say two molecules) then you can't tell if they are nicely ordered or if they are amorphous/unstructured thus defining the sample as either is difficult. You see the same issue when trying to determine the boundary between our atmosphere and space, how little atmosphere is needed before it can be called space.
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    Scyliorhinidae (commonly known as catsharks) are probably the largest extant family of sharks, with at least 160 species in 17 genera (according to knowledge from 2014) and with new species being described every year as commercial fisheries and scientific research move into deeper waters. These cartilaginous fish can be found worldwide from tropical to arctic waters, usually near the seabed. However, our understanding of these animals is greatly limited, as many are deep sea species living below 2000m (6000 feet) depths. For instance, about a third of the species in Apristurus are known from only one scientifically described specimen and in several cases the original and only specimen has been lost. These limitations in taxonomic information have obvious repercussions in identification and classification, as certain species can be very difficult to tell apart without knowledge of very specific taxonomic details. For instance, one of the few ways to tell Scyliorhinus canicula and Scyliorhinus stellaris apart taxonomically are the size of their nasal flaps (skin folds near their nostrils), yet one species is one of the most common in the Mediterranean Sea while the other is one of the rarest. Genetic tests can obviously shed some light on the identification and classification of these animals, but that requires some form of DNA samples for analysis. Until relatively recently, most specimens where preserved in formaldehyde solutions or formalin, which damages DNA by causing single-strand breaks. Although most labs and collections (that I am aware of) seem to be transitioning specimens to either isopropyl or ethyl alcohol for the safety of both specimens and scientists/students, the damage on those old yet unique specimens has already been done, limiting the information we can get from DNA analyses. Yet, DNA analyses have been able to provide new insights on the classification of catsharks and even challenge our understanding of those animals' phylogeny. Dr Gavin Naylor runs the Chondrichthyan Tree of Life (https://sharksrays.org/), an online phylogenetic tree for all extant cartilaginous fish and the baseline from which I have been building the extant clades in the PEP. If you try to find Scyliorhinidae in Naylor's website (inside Carcharhiniformes) you will see that the clade is turning out to be polyphyletic, with genera being organized in three "Scyliorhinidae" clades: Scyliorhinidae I: Apristurus, Asymbolus, Bythaelurus, Figaro, Halaelurus, Haploblepharus, Holohalaelurus, Parmaturus. Scyliorhinidae II: Atelomycterus, Aulohalaerus, Schroederichthys Scyliorhinidae III: Cephaloscyllium, Cephalurus, Poroderma, Scyliorhinus These "temporary clades" are still flawed, but they are good starting point for a better understanding of the phylogeny and evolution of catsharks. It seems that the standard "catshark phenotype" has either been selected through convergent evolution multiple times in Carcharhiniformes or is closer to the basal phenotype of the clade from which other taxa evolved from and has been retained in certain benthic species (I still need to find more information on this). Either way, these little sharks are a bit of a phylogenetic headache when it come to placing them in a phylogenetic tree. If anyone has additional information (papers, news, presentations, videos, etc...) on these sharks and their phylogeny please share them here, as any help is welcomed when it comes to solving the issues for the classification of these mysterious marine predators.
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    An update on the classification of catsharks. A new paper by Soares, Marcelo and de Carvalho has just been published examining the phylogeny of the 16 species in the genus Scyliorhinus. The paper looked at 84 morphological characters on specimens of the 16 Scyliorhinus species, 4 of the 18 Cephaloscyllium species, the 2 species of Poroderma, specimens of almost all the other scyliorhinid genera and 1 specimen of proscyliid (to use as the root of the cladogram). A strict consensus cladogram supported that the genera Scyliorhinus, Cephaloscyllium and Poroderma compose a monophyletic clade: Scyliorhininae. This brings a few changes to the 3 previously made classifications I had entered in the Phylogeny Explorer's tree. This new paper seems to instead support a similar yet slightly different classification of the three major scyliorhinid clades: Scyliorhinidae I: Apristurus, Asymbolus, Bythaelurus, Cephalurus, Figaro, Halaelurus, Haploblepharus, Holohalaelurus, Parmaturus, Schroederichthys Scyliorhinidae II: Atelomycterus, Aulohalaerus Scyliorhininae: Cephaloscyllium, Poroderma, Scyliorhinus Nothing is written on stone however, and this classification will likely further change in the future with new research. Additionally, this paper doesn't address the classification of Pseudotriakidae, Gogolia filewoodi and Pentachus profundicolus, which the Chondrichthyan Tree of Life (https://sharksrays.org/) built by Dr Gavin Naylor has nestled in between these three major Scyliorhinid clades, while also making Scyliorhinidae a paraphyletic clade. Considering this is by far the most diverse group of extant selachimorphs (sharks), keeping track of these phylogenetics papers is important to ensure the accuracy of our tree. Soares,_Marcelo_&_de_Carvalho_(2020)_Phylogenetic_Relationship_of_Catshark_Species_of_the_Genus_Scyliorhinus.pdf
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    I was in the military, on guard duty in the jungles of Central America one night. I remember observing, under the yellow tinge of a sodium light, a female praying mantis and its young (or smaller partner?). I spent a while watching them and how such a complex set of decisions (about eating, moving, interacting, protecting, sleeping, mating, defence etc.) were held in such a tiny brain. They would only live for a year, at most, (from being born – no idea how old these were) and I wondered if they were happy or would have a life worth living and how much longer it would have to live. My questions were abruptly answered. My colleague crept up, sprayed them with insect repellent, and laughed. The struggles that these creatures had gone through in their shortened life and the nonsense-icle, purposeless ending, with no justice, karma or follow up to look forward to or face, for them or him. There are numerous other examples that are equally relatable. A youth, rampaging through a flowerbed and pulling them up, feeling proud that s/he has impressed her/his mates, with total disregard for the effort required to create it and no consideration to the defencelessness of his target or the weak, pathetic lack of discipline for her/his actions or thoughtlessness for the consequences or re-creation task. The one I think of, is Galileo Galilei and the Catholic church. The father of modern science needs wide shoulders, to bear all of us who can but stand on them in admiration. And he worked 400 years ago. His solitary achievements, inventions, discoveries and work made him the hero he is, and yet a brute picked him up, incapacitated him and stuck him in prison/confinement for his Copernican supporting enlightenments, prevented him from speaking out, and he died there. One wonders what the church achieved during this incarceration compared to what Galileo would have, alone, if he were free, or what it achieved in his lifetime, worldwide compared to what that one man achieved. The discoveries that followed, because of him, have led to other scientists saving millions of lives and so much more. The Jesuits were supposed to lead the world in scientific enquiry and astronomy, and they did this to this great astronomer. I think something happened about 2000 years ago like this, according to legend. The Catholic church has made attempts to apologise and erect a statue, which was put on hold. In the museum of Galileo in Italy, there is a relic on display for all to see, from the Pope (for which it is but a short distance) up. A reminder of the past. Galileo’s middle finger! Isn’t that ironic. I want to encourage all those who read this, make the most of your life, and be inspired by the many founding fathers of science who mostly achieved so much in such a short time, alone under difficult conditions in ancient times. Don’t waste a year, month, week, day, not even an hour. It is so precious. If need be, get an organiser, manage your time, reward your efforts and move quickly on from failures or disappointments. Prioritise, focus on what’s important and frequently think about what would happen if you left sooner that you expected and what your legacy might be. Will others be provided for or have to sort through a lot of stuff? Don’t have regrets – sort them, put them to rest or make a mass apology and move on. Today is the first day of the rest of your life.
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    Greetings everyone! I've started working as a volunteer in the Phylogeny Explorer Project, in Data Entry, in January and I've loved it since the beginning. I've joined due to being a science enthusiast and due to my passion of Biology. I've worked on the Lagomorpha clade for a few months and from that moment on I've started meeting and knowing a considerable amount of good and dedicated people that are passionate about what they are doing. It's an ambitious project and I'm honored for being a part of such a good and professional team that has helped me adapt and learn a lot about the project and its vision! As of now I'm the Data Entry Manager along with my fellow Gabe Stroup. There's a lot of work to be done, but with great effort and will the PEP will be very first website that presents a grand tree of life! Regarding my background, it's pretty simple. My name is João Ferreira, and I'm from Portugal. I've finished my Bachelor's Degree in Political Science in 2017, and I'm finishing my Post-Graduation in Strategy. I've always wanted to pursue Biology, but due to the low employability in my country on that field I had to pursue something else. I'm passionate about Biology, Genetics and Animal Behaviour and I try to read and stay in touch with that area of interest of mine. I'm also passionate about Philosophy and Religion (the study of it). I hope everybody who comes to the Project feels good about being part of such an amazing team and I look forward with working with everybody who has an interest in contributing to Science! Cheers!
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    Welcome Joe enjoy your stay. Where always looking for volunteers.
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    I am a software engineer by trade but find joy in studying cosmology, some math (I enjoy numberphile) and biology. My dad would spend hours showing me plants and such as we would hike. I like visiting zoos and now finding amazement by the deversity of life. I am hoping to spend some time helping with the software
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    Hi everybody, I am a grad student at the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Sciences. I am currently part of the Shark Research & Conservation program (SRC) based off Virginia Key (https://sharkresearch.rsmas.miami.edu). I have always been fascinated with classification and encyclopedias and could not resist the opportunity to contribute to this project. So far I have entered and reviewed almost every taxa in Chondrichthyes (sharks, rays & chimeras) and I am hoping to continue entering data for these clades that passionate me personally. I have a background in marine biology and marine conservation. My goal is to specialize in sharks, hoping to (one day) get into a PhD to study Lamniformes (my personal favorites). I am also an underwater photographer and videographer particularly interested in audiovisual media to convey science. I have a small YouTube channel where I give hints on how to find marine life for non-specialist interested in having underwater wildlife encounters (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCm5sLQXwzvNnDXE9cUzvCDg?view_as=subscriber). It isn't much, but I hope to be able to add more content as time goes by. Happy to be part of the team!
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    Hi folks, I've been with the PEP fairly early on when we were still growing our Facebook group and helping to get the project off the ground. Most of my contributions were from expanding some clades in the Explorer like the bovids, cetaceans, xiphosurans, and a bunch of other stuff. From my experience learning how the Explorer works, I'm now helping to be one of the team leaders for the Data Entry sector. Once we have all our eggs in a row, ready to accept more people to join our Data Entry team, I and a few others will be around to show how data entry works and help answer any questions that may arise in expanding the Explorer's scope of data that will become useful in the future for scientists and hobbyists alike. I also intend to help out in other sectors of the project whenever something piques my interest. I'm based in the Salt Lake area of Utah, after going to college at Rutgers University (graduating with a bachelor's in general biology), and aside from this, I currently work with the US Forest Service in the Ogden Ranger District (at least until the end of September.) I'm also a photography hobbyist, hoping to break into wildlife photography or filmmaking someday. One can browse my work on my photography blog: GSBytePhoto.blogspot.com Thanks for reading, and I look forward to working with all of you sometime.
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    Hi guys, I'm pleased to be joining this project as a Biology enthusiast, a supporter of Aron Ra, and a data wiz. I have a computer science / IT background with experience transforming and modeling trees as well as exploratory data analysis, full-stack web applications development (Python / Django / Flask / JavaScript / React), and system/cloud ops . I'm studying data science and I have an interest in visualizing, modeling, and making predictions with existing data. I feel like Biology is a great tool to show the world that you cannot simply invent your own reality and that science is the only way knowing things by making predictions and building working models to show how the world works. How can we quantify and qualify this to the average person? If we wanted to prove, for example, that we can predict the exact locations of our ancestry using phylogenetics, what would be a good resource? -Matt Buck
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    Administrator: As an administrator on social media, you will be a responsible authority on the site, forum, group, page or similar. You will be familiar with the rules and past history and be increasingly familiar with members. You will interact, befriend, respond to and monitor use. You will on-board and welcome people, look for disruption, disrupters or bad behavior. You will discuss or clarity any rules that are unclear, warn and if necessary, block or ban people and keep a record of any such action and people (to ensure they do not return as themselves or someone else). You will have a feel for the medium you are administrating and be able to detect odd behavior or force to change the mood. You will be familiar with the aims and subject of the medium and be able to refer or pass on to other parties if need-be. You will know the roles and people in related or associated roles and refer where needed. You will be responsible for moderators working with you and be able to perform their roles where needed. You will have good customer relation skills and people will become familiar with you. You will be free to post and respond to posts and you will become a persona for the medium you administer.You will be responsible to a team or group leader and keep her/him informed of how things are going and of any issues you encounter. You will also be expected to generate or obtain feedback from users/members if required and action or pass this on for action, update or consideration. If you are a team leader, you will be involved in, or responsible for creating or updating rules and protocols, guides and help. You will also learn, assist with or be responsible for developing, updating or changing and monitoring statistics on the medium. You may need to train moderators or other administrators if you are a team or group leader. If you are a team or group leader, you may help with or across with other mediums. Moderator: As a moderator on social media, you will be a responsible authority on the site, forum, group, page or similar. You will be familiar with the rules and past history and be increasingly familiar with members. You will interact, befriend, respond to and monitor use. You will on-board and welcome people, look for disruption, disrupters or bad behavior. You will discuss or clarity any rules that are unclear, warn and if necessary, block or ban people and keep a record of any such action and people (to ensure they do not return as themselves or someone else). You will have a feel for the medium you are moderating and be able to detect odd behavior or force to change the mood. You will be familiar with the aims and subject of the medium and be able to refer or pass on to other parties if need-be. You will know the roles and people in related or associated roles and refer where needed. You may be working with other moderators. You will have good customer relation skills and people will become familiar with you. You will be free to post and respond to posts and you will become a persona for the medium you moderate.You will be responsible to an administrator or team or group leader and keep her/him/them informed of how things are going and of any issues you encounter. You will also be expected to generate or obtain feedback from users/members for your administrator if required and action or pass this on for action, update or consideration. Team Leader: Whatever you are a team leader for/of, you will preferably know the roles of those you lead and be responsible for them, in terms of helping, motivating, delegating, training (sometimes), instructing and meeting with them. You may need to create or update any paperwork or documentation or pass for another group or team to do, including guides, roles, help and protocols. You will work with other teams/groups and be responsible to your group leader. It would help to be familiar with other similar or related/associated areas in case you can stand in at times. Group Leader: Whatever you are a group leader for/of, you will preferably know the roles of those you lead and be responsible for them, in terms of helping, motivating, delegating, training (sometimes), instructing and meerting with them. You may need to create or update any paperwork or documentation or pass for another group or team to do, including guides, roles, help and protocols. You will work with other teams/groups/domains and be responsible to your domain leader. It would help to be familiar with other similar or related/associated areas in case you can stand in at times.
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    But how would the bacteria know what plastic to eat and what plastic to leave alone?
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    Welcome, i will add you to the designers team. edit: added you to the team.
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    Hi, I'd like to help with art and possibly 3D models of critters for the project. Here's some I did a good while back.
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    I am keen to move things forward on the project. One bottleneck is currently a shortage of volunteers, but even more importantly, I need a regular, management-type team to brainstorm, coordinate and take a lead in things. I am looking for a small working/discussion group of people to work with, to help me facilitate things and open the bottlenecks. We are currently entirely voluntary, (so this has different parameters to professional work) with everyone (except myself) only expected to work part time. There are various parts to the project, and whether it is social media, data entry/recruiting scientists or volunteers to fulfil various roles, like mods, admins or whatever, we need to have the infra-structure ready to receive them, with roles, documentation, guides, people to assist/train etc. (or we will disappoint and put people off as being unprofessional and unprepared – many a project downfall). I have a lot of this documentation already, and a range of such structures mapped out, but there may be better or easier ways to do this, and so if you think you may be able to help or help resolve or implement anything, please let me know. We can set up a hangout ASAP (which is easier than writing out a document at this stage). I’ll fill you in, I can take questions and with your help/ideas, we can talk and build some solid, practical stuff and put it into place and set (variable if need be) timeframes or whatever. You don’t particularly need skills in anything. Maybe together we could at least allocate ourselves suitable aspects to do and we can get back to meet. Open to ideas. Let me know.
  31. 1 point
    WELCOME to the new Forum of the, ‘Phylogeny Explorer Project’! Well, Forum doesn’t quite cover it anymore. We grew up and made a Website that has just about everything in it and we can expand even more if needed. What do we have to offer?: Forums: I think this speaks for itself, but this Forum comes with lots of features and sections (public, invite and private). Blog: We can make blogs. This post is one. Loyalty - only sponsors and people that contribute in some way to the project are allowed to fully access them, but routine updates will be available to all. Store: We have a fully functioning store where you can buy products, services and/or digital merchandise. We are going to build this slowly. Downloads: We have a dedicated/special section where media files can be uploaded and organised. There’s a special, hidden section for project related media too, which is not public. We are even allowing people to sell their digital goods. When you do this you are sponsoring us. Gallery: You can upload images to our gallery. We can then use the images on the project if needed. Articles: What does not belong in the Forums, we can turn into interesting articles. Think of a post that is written with care, that we can promote to an Article for more exposure. Calendar: We have a calendar where we can add important or project related itinerary. What people find interesting, we can even make special calendars that are for dedicated topics only. Subscription: It is also possible to subscribe to us. You will get more Private Mail in return or bigger avatars and even more space for uploads. Donate: It’s now also possible to make donations. You can even choose where (what aspect of the project) the donations will go to. Activity stream: We have an activity stream where you can follow what has been happening on this site, you can even customize it. What is still in development? Well, as Administrator, a website is never done; there is always new suggestions, ideas, updates and one more thing on the list to do. But major upcoming projects here are: · Tutorials that are being written and made into bite-sized video's (to inclusively help everyone to get around). · Making access more available to people with disabilities or difficulties, be it sight, hearing, dexterity, mobility, dyslexia, cerebral or other impairments. · A section where people’s contributions are recognised, or work promoted. · There are many other, largely educational projects (branches/subclades) within the overall project and information will be added on these in time. · If you are interested in contributing your time or skills in any of a range of things – many do not require skills, then a new section which lists all available jobs, roles and positions will be added. These include everything on the project, not just social media, so data entry, developers, admins etc. Please note that we have a pretty full showing on the social media front (all linked at the bottom here) and we need people to monitor, moderate and admin them, as well as be able (or learn/to be trained) to work behind the scenes on them. Don't like the colour theme of the forums? Go to the foot of this pasge and change the theme. If you want to volunteer, contact @brachiosteve or go to our Facebook Group or Page (Links below in the footer).
  32. 1 point
    Nice of you to assume that someone has never been dishonest before would be anyway if the very conditions I asked for were met, which is just as wrong as everything else you’ve said. Are you merely projecting your frustration at there never being any evidence of anything ever being created? I don’t think you understand what the word, “objectively” means. It means not dependent on imagination or determined by personal feelings or opinions. If there is evidence of a creator, then why do the heads of all major religions admit that it requires faith instead? Remember that I’ll accept anything that qualifies as evidence, any body of objectively verifiable facts that are positively indicative of, or exclusively concordant with that position. We both know you can’t produce that, and that means that what I said was objectively true. You don’t have ANY authority. You're just denying all the evidence, which I’m not going to let you do anymore. It would be good if you would address where Professor Myers refuted a specific claim of Intelligent Design creationism, since that contradicts what you had just said. However I will only insist that you address what Dr Kenneth Miller said about how we know that the human/Chimp chromosome #2 was fused. I have never appealed to authority at all. How can you absolutely wrong about absolutely everything, 100% of the time for such a long time and still believe anything you say? I don’t "refuse" to believe in God! You just can’t produce any reason why I should. That’s your failure, not mine. I sincerely apologize for the abysmal experience that this discussion board has been due to these technical issues. I will have the whole thing stripped, replaced or dropped altogether, but I’m not going to put up with having to type my whole response into a word document before pasting into the forum. Cut out all your meaningless personal attacks and all discussion of your mythology, and just stick to the topic. Here are the points you have yet to address, but should. You said there’s no more proof of linking the phylogenetic tree, than there is for linking the items in the trash together". But I pointed out that we CAN actually prove a genetic ancestry. In some recent cases, we can even identify specific mutations leading to particular strains, to show exactly how this parent set really did become this daughter group. As I've already told you, we have genetic orthologues definitely linking several different species. For example, check out this 2005 study of Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog. You also failed to answer the Phylogeny Challenge or even admit that you failed. You made another false accusation that it was fallacious but you couldn't explain how. You also need to admit why you can't produce any citation from any creationist who ever answered my simple yes or no questions in that Challenge; because you wrongly alleged that it is "objectively false” when it’s objectively verifiable, while pretending that I had been "called out" several times on this when it hadn’t even been challenged once. You should admit that just as humans don't make up the natural laws of the universe, we have to figure out what they are, we also have to do that with the rules of phylogenetic ancestry. So you were wrong about that too. You said that “certainly can cite academic lessons on evolution which conflates speciation with micro-evolution", but you failed to do so, and should admit why you could not. This is the second time I’ve had to ask you this too. Since evolution is "decent with inherent modification" and a mutated fly is a modification of its ancestor, themselves mutated flies being modified from their ancestors, then why doesn't it count as speciation when they meet all the required criteria of each definition? What WOULD you accept as a new species of whatever? Theodosius Dobzhansky was a pioneer in genetics, famous for publishing the paper, Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except In The Light of Evolution. He was also the first to document unambiguous speciation, which the entire scientific communuty and ever creationist organizations accept. So what excuse do you have for dismissing his work? What about the nylon bug? Or the new discovery of plastic-eating bacteria? In either case, we have a population of one microbial species, but then one subset of that population develops a uniquely distinctive trait exclusive to that population. That’s the definition of unicellular speciation, isn’t it? If leading scientists call this speciation and even the barking mad pseudoscience nuts like Institute for Creation Research and Answers In Genesis accept speciation, even though they’re desperate to deny all the science they can, then what justification do you have to dismiss it? Regarding the new species of mice on Madeira, I asked if they’re just “mutated mice” in your opinion, because they didn’t turn into something else? What do you think speciation is? And where do you imagine evolution requires and teaches whatever you think speciation is? While you’re pondering that, here is a link to a description of speciation provided by Berkeley University’s introductory primer, Evolution 101. And here is a more detailed explanation from the Public Library of Science. I have been 100% correct so far, and you are demonstrating that it is indeed impossible to defend creationism honestly. Again, I’m not the one being dishonest. Not if you make it all the way through without repeatedly ignoring direct points and queries put to you. There are no creationists putting out good arguments for creationism because there aren’t any good arguments to put out. The movement depends entirely on frauds, falsehoods and fallacies. No, you've demonstrated that that *is* the case. This is another lie disproved by all the times I’ve cited Christian scientists, explaining that whether you believe in God or not is irrelevant to this discussion in the end. Disproving God was never and will never be a part of this. I don't have insecurities, and still wouldn’t even if I doubted the veracity of my position. Then produce your evidence of creation, which you already know you can’t because it doesn't exist.
  33. 1 point
    Hi, Here read this article. It might help you find when virus came first. https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/what-came-first-cells-or-viruses
  34. 1 point
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