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Common design vs common descent.


Common design vs common descent.

How can one detect the difference between the two without having knowledge of what the alternative is? For example, how can we know the human eye is NOT perfect, if the alternative is not available to practically compare for possible improvement or  poorer ability? It may seem imperfect, but this could be illusory, as the apparent defect may be necessary as part of the design, rather than a flaw. One can see apparent poor design in engineering, but there are often good reasons, known to the designers, as to why it is restrictive or somehow seen to be less than it could be, due to environmental, legal or other restricting factors.

Likewise, the miraculous apparent design of (especially some) creatures may seem miraculous, as though it must have been created, but natural selection can do remarkable things, and an argument from incredulity is not a logical response, it must be responded to evidentially.

The argument seems to be open to interpretation. One side may present a list of apparent defective designs in nature, which is countered, whilst the other prersents remarkable beauty sand complexity which seems clearlty designed and beyond the natural, which is countered. But surely with so much to compare in nature, there should be plenty of concrete evidence, one way or the other, to demonstrate the origin of so much complexity? Given the difference (e.g mechanisms) between the two options, one should scream out above the other.

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